Archive for the ‘Human Rights’ Category


Religion is a deriving force for social change in India since ancient times. Although we boast about ancient Indian ideals of social stratification, which made a long lasting discrimination within society, and most of the times we do not do any justice to social-political life of a billion peoples. The study of the relation between religion and politics showed that this relation always made a problematic situation for the indigenous people and always benefitted invaders. The idea of the interface or mixing of religion and politics being problematic and potentially dangerous is a byproduct of the rise of secularism, often regarded as one of the hallmarks of modern society. The concept of social justice is an important concept for the social-political harmony in present times. Social justice denotes the equal treatment of all citizens without any social distinction based on caste, colour, race, religion, sex and so on. It means absence of privileges being extended to any particular section of the society, and improvement in the conditions of backward classes (SCs, STs, and OBCs) and women. Social justice is a public and collective good that involves an equitable sharing of the earth’s power, resources and opportunities to enable people individually and collectively to develop their talents to the fullest. Its realisation requires social relations embedded in trust, acceptance, mutuality, reciprocity and solidarity. Under Indian Constitution the use of social justice is accepted in wider sense, which includes social and economical justice both. Ancient social structure allows us to see the discrimination made to indigenous people with reference to their socio-political life. These evils not only effects Hindu social order rather it also haunts the social structure of newly established religions in Indian continent. The objective of this paper is to disuses the role of religions in imparting social justice to Indian socio-political structure of our society. First we will see the place of religion in society then sees its effect on socio-political order whether it is affirmative or negative which allow us to make any rational conclusion.

Key-Words: Religion, Indian Society, Social Justice, Social Inclusion and Indian Constitution


To be presented at National Seminar on Social Security and Social Inclusion for Inclusive Growth in India,  PG Department of Economics and PG Department of Sociology, PGGCG-11, Chandigarh to be held on 5th August 2016.


Human rights


In India, Dalits faced a centuries-old caste-based discrimination and nowadays indigenous people too are getting a threat from so called developed society. We can define these crimes with the term ‘atrocity’ means an extremely wicked or cruel act, typically one involving physical violence or injury.  Caste-related violence has occurred and occurs in India in various forms. Though the Constitution of India has laid down certain safeguards to ensure welfare, protection and development, there is gross violation of their rights such as killing, murder, torture, burning, abduction, rape and molestation.  According to a report by Human Rights Watch, “Dalits and indigenous peoples (known as Scheduled Tribes or adivasis) continue to face discrimination, exclusion, and acts of communal violence. Laws and policies adopted by the Indian government provide a strong basis for protection, but are not being faithfully implemented by local authorities.”  Human rights issues are very often understood and analyzed from socio-political and cultural perspectives. Apart from such perspectives, the issue of human rights also can be analyzed from a strictly philosophical perspective, which implies that the idea of human rights is centered on the inspiration of human dignity. Several studies on the situation of human rights of Dalits in several parts of India show more reports on violation of human rights than on protection of them. Dalits are discriminated against, denied access to land, forced to work in degrading condition, and routinely abused at the hands of the police and higher-caste groups that enjoy state protection.  For example, Dalit women are regularly subjected to sexual violence as a result of their lower caste status-often in response to their demands of basic rights.  Hate crimes towards indigenous peoples is a daily reality in many countries across the globe.  The challenge is to change such a dehumanized situation. The challenge is to each one of us that whether engaged in governance of the civil society or voluntarily engaged in social and economic development of society, one thing to remember is that leaving behind the vulnerable units of our society – Dalits and indigenous peoples – will not take us to a prosperous society.  This paper is an attempt to study the situation of human rights of two most neglected segments of society namely, Dalits and STs as a serious international human rights issue.

Address for Communication:

Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal,

Assistant Professor (Philosophy),

P.G.Govt. College for Girls, Sector-11, Chandigarh-160011

Mobile No.08288883993, email:

Note: To be presented at

National Seminar on ““Human rights for the marginalized groups: Understanding & Rethinking Strategies” to be held on

5th Feb 2015  at PG Govt College for Girls, Sector 11, Chandigarh.

प्रिय साथियों
बड़ा दुःख का विषय है की भारत जैसे लोकतान्त्रिक देश में भी अभिव्यक्ति की स्वतंत्रता को खत्म करने की कोशिश की जा रही है. क्या किसी को भी अपनी बात कहने का अधिकार नहीं है. भारत में आर्य-अनार्य, सुर -असुर का विवाद शुरू से रहा है.  भारत में नंगी और हिंसक प्रवृति की  फिल्मों और किताबों के ऊपर कभी भी बैन नहीं लगाया जा रहा हैं . और तो और आतंकवाद से देश खत्म हो रहा है इसका हमारे नेताओं को संज्ञान नहीं है . लेकिन जातिवाद, कर्मकांड और हिंसा का पक्ष लेने का सबको समय और अधिकार है .  टीवी कार्यक्रमों में अन्धविश्वास को फ़ैलाने से किसी को कोई फर्क नहीं पड़ता और ना ही खाप पंचायतों द्वारा कानून का उल्लंघन दिखाई देता है. दलितों की बहु बेटियों को सरेआम नंगा किया जाता है, बलात्कार किया जाता है और घर तक जला दिए जाते हैं, धर्म के नाम पर दंगे करवाए जाते हैं और भ्रष्टाचार फैलाया जाता है, साथ ही मीडिया बिकता है तो किसी के कानों पर जूं नहीं रेंगती . पैसे के दम पर बलात्कारी और भ्रष्टाचारी  कानून की धज्जियां उड़ा रहे हैं. पर हम संवेदनहीन  हो गये हैं . हाँ चिन्तन को खत्म करने की कोशिश जरुर की जा रही है और इस पर हम ठहाके मार रहे है .

Indian Society and Ideological Crisis

A Tribute to Dr. B.R.Ambedkar on His Death Anniversary on 6th December, 2013
Dear Friends,
The Milestone Education Society (Regd.) Pehowa (Kurukshetra) working since 2005 in the field of school education, social work and higher education through its research initiatives. It started Center for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS) in 2010 and contributing continuously in the field of higher education through research journals, various programmes, and published books.
The present initiative Centre for Studies in Educational, Social and Cultural Development (CSESCD) will work on the issues related to downtrodden people though its various activity like discussions, programmes and publications etc. It also promotes the ideology of the educational thinkers who positively contributed in the society.
The present book, “Ideological Crisis in Indian Society “is the first initiative of the Centre. It includes six essays of the students who participated in the essay competition organized by the Centre for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS) and the Department of Philosophy, P.G.Govt College for Girls, Sector-11, Chandigarh to celebrate World Philosophy Day with the theme “Indian Society and Ideological Crisis” on 21st November, 2013. These essays highlight writers’ thinking and need further improvement on the basis of ideas.
On the occasion of Death Anniversary of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, we dedicated this volume to this great personality who is the real motivation for us. His vision of social democracy and equality was closely related to good society, rationality and the scientific outlook.
I must congratulate all the members of Milestone Education Society (Regd.) Pehowa (Kurukshetra) for this new initiatives and submit my humble gratitude towards their positive efforts and kind-cooperation.

(Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal)
December 06,2013
Download the book by click this link:
Ideological Crisis in Indian Society (e-book)


अंतर राष्ट्रीय मजदूर दिवस हर वर्ष मनाया जाता है इसे मई दिवस के नाम से भी पुकारा जाता है . 8 0 के करीब देशों में आज राष्ट्रीय अवकाश होता है। आज का दिन मजदूरों के संघर्ष को याद करने का दिन है और एक प्रेरणा स्त्रोत भी है. भारत जैसे देश के सम्बन्ध में ये कितना मायने रखता है इस पर भी विचार करना जरूरी है .

भारत में जहाँ गाँधीवाद का बोलबाला हैं वहां पर इस बात पर चिंतन करना अति आवश्यक हैं की मजदूरों के संघर्ष के लिए आदर्श विचारधारा कौन सी है . मेरा तो स्पष्ट मत है की अगर सही मायने में चिन्तन को दिशा देनी हैं तो अम्बेडकर , भगत सिंह और मार्क्स से बढकर दूसरी कोई और नही हो सकती . गाँधीवाद सिर्फ उन नेताओं के संघर्ष को सफल बना सकता है जिनकी कोई राजनितिक पहचान हो .मजदूर अगर सिर्फ अनसन करेगा तो बस उसे लाठी और असफलता के अलावा कुछ नहीं मिलेगा ,जैसा की आजकल हो रहा है. इसलिए अपने लिए उन्हें इसका चयन करना होगा .

आप सभी को मई दिवस की हार्दिक बधाई।

जय भीम जय भारत

Today I read a story on facebook at Karl Marx (Group) about African children. It touched my heart as our Indians didn’t understand it since 8000 years and continue with discrimination with our fellow beings. Although our great thinkers or socalled great culture teaching about universal brotherhood. But it is a bitter truth that we are far from the meaning of INDIANNESS and continue with our sick mentality of socalled great Hindu Order.

This can be a good lesson for Dalits and Women , if they will be organised for their struggle, there will be not any evil of society that can be harmful to their happiness and freedom. Only need is to get organised for a proper goal.


Just read the story and think over it:

An anthropologist proposed a game to the kids in an African tribe. He put a basket full of fruit near a tree and told the kids that who ever got there first won the sweet fruits. When he told them to run they all took each others hands and …ran together, then sat together enjoying their treats. When he asked them why they had run like that as one could have had all the fruits for himself they said: ”UBUNTU, how can one of us be happy if all the other ones are sad?” ‘
UBUNTU’ in the Xhosa culture means: “I am because we are”.


Posted: अप्रैल 27, 2013 in Human Rights


Merina Islam

Effective human rights education is a necessary pre-condition for a healthy democratic society especially in times of crisis threat locally, nationally and globally. The understanding and experience of human rights is an important ingredient of preparation of all young people for life in a multicultural and democratic society.

The inclusion of human rights education in the curriculum of schools is a derivative of a series of factors. First, the definition of human rights education varies. There is the legal definition which is drawn from the international documents that many nations have signed over the years. Some of the socialist nations offer their own political definition, which functions like a codicil attached to the international agreements. More important, teachers’ and administrators’ definitions of human rights education often include only those human rights which they think can be accommodated in their curriculum and classrooms.

Visit for details:

Milestone Education Review (October, 2012)