Archive for the ‘Women Studies’ Category



Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is one of the names that changed social order of the age-old tradition of suppression and humiliation. He was an intellectual, scholar & statesman and contributed greatly in the nation building. He led a number of movements to emancipate the downtrodden masses and to secure human rights to millions of depressed classes. He has left an indelible imprint through his immense contribution in framing the modern Constitution of free India. He stands as a symbol of struggle for achieving the Social Justice. We can assign several roles to this great personality due to his life full dedication towards his mission of eradicating evils from Indian society. The social evils of Indian society, also neglected this great personality even in intellectual sphere too. The so-called intellectuals of India not honestly discussed his contribution to Indian intellectual heritage, rather what they discussed, also smells their biases towards a Dalit literate and underestimated his great personality. This paper will attempt to discuss important facts about life and a short description of the literature written by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. Then discuss his philosophy in the five major sections i.e. Feminism and women empowerment, philosophy of education, ideas on social justice and equality, philosophy of politics and economics and philosophy of religion.

Key words: Indian social system, social equality, philosophy of religion, women empowerment, Indian education.

Note: To be presented atTwo-Day National Seminar on Understanding Bharat Ratna Dr. B.R. Ambedkar organized by the Post Graduate Department of  Political Science , Dayal College, Karnal  on 23th and 24th January, 2016.


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अंतर्राष्ट्रीय महिला दिवस हर वर्ष 8 मार्च को  विश्व के विभिन्न क्षेत्रों में महिलाओं के प्रति सम्मान, प्रशंसा और प्यार प्रकट करते हुए इस दिन को महिलाओं के आर्थिक, राजनीतिक और सामाजिक उपलब्धियों के उपलक्ष्य में उत्सव के तौर पर मनाया जाता है। यह दिन हमें महिलाओं को दोयम दर्जे से मुक्ति के फलस्वरूप किये जाने वाले उन सभी प्रयासों और आंदोलनों की याद दिलाता है जो की आज इतिहास का पन्ना बन चुके हैं और बनने जा रहे  हैं.

भारतीय समाज विरोधाभासों से भरा पड़ा  है. एक तरफ तो हम महिलाओं को देवताओं की तरह पूजते भी हैं और उनके जलने को भी त्यौहार का रूप देते हैं . क़ानूनी अधिकारों के बावजूद भी हमारी न्याय व्यवस्था बेईमानों और गलत लोगों के हाथों में झूल रही है. अपराध के सारे प्रमाण होने पर भी बलात्कारी को सजा नहीं मिलती उल्टा जिस पर जुल्म हुआ है वही समाज की गुन्हेगार बन जाति है.

हमारी सबसे बड़ी विडम्बना है की जाति और धर्म के बदलने के साथ ही लोगों की सहानुभूति भी बदल जाति है और न्याय व्यवस्था भी लचीली हो जाती है. ऐसे समाज में क्या हम महिला सशक्तिकरण और सामाजिक न्याय की बात कर सकते हैं जहाँ पर जाति और धर्म के अनुसार महिलाओं को सम्मान और न्याय का पैमाना भी बदल जाता है

जब तक समाज में हर महिला को समान और महत्वपूर्ण नहीं समझा जाता तब तक हम महिला-दिवस मनाने के योग्य नहीं बन सकते. सामाजिक सुरक्षा, सामाजिक न्याय, शोषण मुक्ति, समान अधिकार और समान आस्तित्व आदि कुछ महत्वपूर्ण बिंदु हैं जिनके बिना हम भारतीय समाज को स्वस्थ समाज की श्रेणी में नहीं ला सकते क्यूंकि आज भी हम धर्म और जाति की संकीर्णता के साथ महिलाओं से व्यवहार कर रहे हैं और समय बदलने के बावजूद उनकी समस्याओं को खत्म करने की बजाये लगातार बड़ा रहे हैं.

फिर भी महिलाओं के अधिकारों के लिए संघर्ष करने वालों को प्रणाम और जो संघर्ष कर रहे हैं उनको शुभ कामनाएं.

आप सभी को अंतर्राष्ट्रीय महिला दिवस पर हार्दिक बधाई……..


India is one of the developing nations of the modern world. It has become an independent country, a republic, more than a half century ago. During this period the country has been engaged in efforts to attain development and growth in various areas such as building infrastructure, production of food grains, science and technology and spread of education. The life expectancy has increased and many diseases have been controlled. However, there are many areas in which Indian society is experiencing a variety of problems. Some of these problems have their roots in our colonial past while others are related to demographic changes, socio-political conditions and cultural processes. In the process of this development the women empowerment is a very important concern these days.


Dr. Dinesh Chahal and Dr.Desh Raj Sirswal: An article published entitled “Women Empowerment in Present Times” in GENDER MAINSTREAMING:PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS,Rapid Book Service, Lucknow , 2014, pp.110-114.

Read full article here:

Laws and Rights for Indian Women

Posted: जनवरी 16, 2014 in Women Rights, Women Studies



Legal awareness among women for their rights is an important issue these days. A girl child is least welcome although in India women were respected from the early ages. Even though there are growing instances of girls excelling in education, tradition, custom, and social practices place greater value on sons than on daughters, who are often viewed as an economic burden. This attitude of the society also stands in the way of the girl child being able to achieve her full potential. A recent report on the girl child makes the following observations: “Girls are the world’s most squandered gift. They are precious human beings with enormous potential, but across the world, they are generally the last to have their basic needs met and first to have their basic rights denied (NIOL, 2014).

Chahal Dinesh1, Sirswal Desh Raj2,*

1Department of Education, Central University of Haryana, Mahendergarh-123029, Haryana, India

2Department of Philosophy, P.G. Govt. College for Girls, Sector-11, Chandigarh-160011, Punjab, India

Shikshan Anveshika
Year : 2014, Volume : 4, Issue : 2
First page : ( 65) Last page : ( 67)
Print ISSN : 2231-1386. Online ISSN : 2348-7534.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2348-7534.2014.01290.2


Indian Society and Ideological Crisis

A Tribute to Dr. B.R.Ambedkar on His Death Anniversary on 6th December, 2013
Dear Friends,
The Milestone Education Society (Regd.) Pehowa (Kurukshetra) working since 2005 in the field of school education, social work and higher education through its research initiatives. It started Center for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS) in 2010 and contributing continuously in the field of higher education through research journals, various programmes, and published books.
The present initiative Centre for Studies in Educational, Social and Cultural Development (CSESCD) will work on the issues related to downtrodden people though its various activity like discussions, programmes and publications etc. It also promotes the ideology of the educational thinkers who positively contributed in the society.
The present book, “Ideological Crisis in Indian Society “is the first initiative of the Centre. It includes six essays of the students who participated in the essay competition organized by the Centre for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS) and the Department of Philosophy, P.G.Govt College for Girls, Sector-11, Chandigarh to celebrate World Philosophy Day with the theme “Indian Society and Ideological Crisis” on 21st November, 2013. These essays highlight writers’ thinking and need further improvement on the basis of ideas.
On the occasion of Death Anniversary of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, we dedicated this volume to this great personality who is the real motivation for us. His vision of social democracy and equality was closely related to good society, rationality and the scientific outlook.
I must congratulate all the members of Milestone Education Society (Regd.) Pehowa (Kurukshetra) for this new initiatives and submit my humble gratitude towards their positive efforts and kind-cooperation.

(Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal)
December 06,2013
Download the book by click this link:
Ideological Crisis in Indian Society (e-book)

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar popularly known as Dr. Babasaheb Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, was a multifaceted personality, an intellectual, a revolutionary, a philosopher, a patriot, a scholar, a writer, and the constitution maker. He struggled against the untouchability and the caste system. He began to get a taste of the bitter reality of being born as untouchable. Every day he had to carry to the school, a piece of gunny bag to sit upon and teachers would not touch his notebooks, and if he felt thirsty in the school, he could quench his thirst only if someone agreed to pour water into his mouth. He has popularly known as the pioneer who initiated the liberation movement of roughly 65 million untouchables of India. He realized that the right of the untouchables could only be safeguard by making constitutional provision. He was a scholar as much as a “man of action”. He gave an inspiring self-confidence to the Dalits, untouchables and women. He was in the favour of education and equal rights for everyone. He has been regarded as a ray of hope, for downtrodden in India. His vision of democracy and equality was closely related to good society, rationality and the scientific outlook. He held that the emancipation of Dalit in India was possible only through the three-pronged approached of education, agitation and organization. Thus Ambedkarism is the great relevance to Indian society to achieve social justice, removal of untouchability, in establishing equality and true democracy. The objective of this paper is to draw an outline for Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s contribution to present Indian society.

Presented in the National Seminar on “Ambedkarite Quest on Egalitarian Revolution in India” (26th & 27th November, 2013) Organized by: Centre for Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Studies, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana-136119 (INDIA)


भारत जैसे देश में जहाँ नारी को देवी जैसा पद दिया गया हैं, वहाँ पर नारी का बहुत सी समस्याओं से गुजरना इसके सांस्कृतिक मूल्यों और यथार्थ के बीच के अंतर को स्पष्ट करता है। आज के परिवेश में जहाँ पर नारी और गरीब लोगों की सामाजिक सुरक्षा दाव पे लगी है और वहाँ के तथाकथित नेता अपने घोटालों और सुखभोग में व्यस्त हों वहां पर इन मुद्दों के बारे सोचना और विचार विमर्श करना महती आवश्यक हो जाता है।

बचपन से ही लडके और लडकियों का भेद उनमे एक दुसरे के प्रति जिज्ञासु बना देता हैं। शिक्षण संस्थानों को भी लिंग आधारित बना देना इसको और बड़ा देता है। यहाँ पे कुछ तर्क हैं जिनकी वजह से हम सह -शिक्षा को अनिवार्य किये जाने के पक्ष में हैं:

•प्रथम तो यह लडके और लडकियों के सही समाजीकरण में सहायक होता है .
•दूसरा यह है की लिंग आधारित शिक्षण संस्थानों में जो मानसिकता विकसित होती हैं वह ज्यादा हानिकारक है.
•एक समूह में लडके लडकियाँ इक्कठे रहते वहाँ पर जो मानसिकता विकसित होती है वह बहुत हद तक उनके अकादमिक और सामाजिक समायोजन में बहुत महत्वपूर्ण योगदान देती है .
•मानसिक और भावात्मक विकास भी बहुत जरूरी है, अगर सही समय पर उनका सही विकास हो तो उनकी योग्यता और ज्यादा निखर के सामने आती है.
•बिना सामाजिक सुरक्षा के जो सम्बन्ध विकसित होते हैं वह लघु और अस्थिर होते हैं .
•समाज अगर सही मायने में नारी की इज्जत करना शुरू कर दे और उनकी सामाजिक सुरक्षा के प्रति एकजुट हो जाये तो हमारे समाज का भविष्य सुधर सकता है.

जिस परिवार और समाज में नारी का सम्मान नही होता वह पर निम्न मानसिकता का होना सम्भव ही होता है. आज का विचार और चिन्तन ही हमारे कल का निर्माण करता है जब यह बात हमारे व्यक्तिगत जीवन में लागू होती है तो यह समाज में भी उतनी ही कारगर हैं। बस इसको आजमाने की जरूरत है.