Archive for the ‘Indian Philosophy’ Category

Call for Papers

Milestone Education Review (The Journal of Ideas on Educational & Social Transformation) ISSN: 2278-2168

Special Issue on “Marx and Ambedkar for Indian Social Change”

Year 09, No. 01 (April, 2018)

Respected Faculty/Scholar/Professor,

Milestone Education Review (The Journal of Ideas on Educational & Social Transformation) is an online peer-reviewed bi-annual journal of Milestone Education Society (Regd.) Pehowa (Kurukshetra). For us education refers to any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character, or physical ability of an individual. The role of education must be as an instrument of social change and social transformation. Social transformation refers to large scale of social change as in cultural reforms and transformations. The first occurs with the individual, the second with the social system. This journal offers an opportunity to all academicians including educationist, social-scientists, philosophers and social activities to share their views. Each issue contains about 100 pages.


About Present Issue:

Karl Marx, in full Karl Heinrich Marx (born May 5, 1818, Trier and died March 14, 1883, London, England) was a philosopher, revolutionary, sociologist, historian, and economist. He published The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, anticapitalist works that form the basis of Marxism. It was Capital’s 150th anniversary in autumn 2017, the 170th anniversary of the Communist Manifesto will be in February 2018, and it would have been Karl Marx’s 200th birthday in May 2018. The Communist Party of the Philippines calls on all Filipino workers to start a year-long commemoration and celebration of Marx’s 200th birthday on May 5, 2018. The whole revolutionary movement must salute Karl Marx’ and Marxism’s great role in history and in the continuing world struggle for the emancipation of the proletariat and the entire humanity. This celebration is of great relevance to the working class, from politics to philosophy to academics as Karl Marx made a lasting imprint on the face of history. The Centre has also an intention to commemorate the 200 years of Karl Marx by various activities including essay competition, seminar, special issues and books on this great thinker.

Karl Marx was the first thinker to draw sharp attention to the highly deleterious impact of caste on Indian society and its causal link with the relations of production. In his famous essay on “The Future Results of British Rule in India” Karl Marx characterized the Indian castes as “the most decisive impediment to India’s progress and power”. Marx clearly and causally connected the archaic social formation of caste in India with the relations of production. It followed logically that the abolition of the caste hierarchy and the oppression and exploitation of the ‘lower’ castes could not be separated from the Marxian form of class struggle. The adivasis or indigenous people of ancient India suffered more or less the same socioeconomic disabilities as the atisudras, and were virtually indistinguishable from the latter with regard to their status in relation to the socioeconomic structure of chaturvarnya. They were also both geographically isolated and socially marginalized, and relegated to the bottom of the socioeconomic pyramid. There is abundant evidence in the dharmasastras and Sanskrit literature to show that these indigenous people were also treated as untouchables. Ideologically, one can place Ambedkar in the leftist traditions, though not in its traditional forms. He was one of the few people in modern India who had developed a home-grown genre of Marxism and for Ambedkar this stood in comparison with the ideology of Buddhism – a peculiar, yet profound blend that is characteristic of an Indian philosopher. In his essay titled “Buddha or Karl Marx”, Ambedkar compared the common ideals of Buddha and Marx and submitted an ultimate analysis that socialism can only be sustained if it walks on the path lay out by the Buddha. According to him, Buddhism was “an ultimate aid to sustain Communism when force is withdrawn” and so he criticised Lenin because he failed to deliver ‘liberty and fraternity’ in the pursuit of equality. He declared that: “Equality will be of no value without fraternity or liberty. It seems that the three can coexist only if one follows the way of the Buddha. Communism can give one but not all.” It is indeed the contribution of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar that the commitment towards liberty, fraternity and equality through the means of non-violence and democracy, has become a central characteristic of our constitution. He categorically stated while addressing the constituent assembly (November 25, 1949) that, “Political democracy cannot last unless there lies at the base of it social democracy, which means, a way of life which recognize liberty, equality and fraternity as the principles of life.” In this sense there will be a great need of study both revolutionary figures to study on the same platform and to their relevance in the Indian social change. This is a special call for papers for Milestone Education Review, Year 09, No. 01 (April, 2018) issue.

Last date for paper submission: 10th March, 2018 Format of Submission: The paper should be typewritten preferably in Times New Roman with 12 font size (English) and Kruti Dev (10) with 14 font size (Hindi) in MS-Word 2003 to 2010 and between 2500 to 3000 words. They should be typed on one side of the paper, double spaced with ample margins. The authors should submit the hard copy along with a CD and a copyright form to be sent to the editorial address. Originality of Work: Only papers which have not been published elsewhere will be considered. Proofs will be sent to the authors if there is sufficient time to do so. An undertaking via a “Forwarding Letter” be submitted alongwith the paper.

Reference Style: Notes and references should appear at the end of the research paper/chapter. Citations in the text and references must correspond to each other; do not over reference by giving the obvious/old classic studies or the irrelevant. CPPIS follows The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition. The Chicago Manual of Style presents two basic documentation systems: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date. Choosing between the two often depends on subject matter and the nature of sources cited, as each system is favored by different groups of scholars. The notes and bibliography style is preferred by many in the humanities. The author-date system has long been used by those in the physical, natural, and social sciences. CPPIS follows the first system i.e. Notes and Bibliography. For detail information downloads our “CPPIS Manual for Contributors and Reviewers” from below given links:

All contributions to the Journal, other editorial enquiries and books for reviews are to be sent to: Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal, Near Guaga Maidi, Balmiki Basti, H.No.255/6, Pehowa, Distt. Kurukshetra (HARYANA)-136128 (India) Mobile No.09896848775, 08288883993, E-mail:,, Website:



Milestone Education Review (The Journal of Ideas on Educational & Social Transformation)


Year 07, No.02, October, 2016

Special Issue on “Ambedkar, Indian Society and Tribal Philosophy”

(Released on 21st November, 2016)

Chief-Editor: Desh Raj Sirswal

Download the issue from given link:

Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar was born in a Mahar family on 14 April, 1891. He himself has experience the life of an untouchable. So, it has become mission of life to establish a new social order based on justice, liberty and equality. He spent his whole life fighting against discrimination and popularly known as ‘Babasaheb’. He has written on various social and political matters. In this context, he offered a model of ‘just society’ or ‘an ideal society’. According to him, casteless and classless society is must for the success of democracy. So, he wanted to base his society on liberty, equality and fraternity. Dr. Ambedkar from his early childhood was influenced by Buddha, Mahatma Phule, Kabir, etc. All of them stressed on equality in one or the other way and can be seen in the works of B.R. Ambedkar. Through his idea of education, he tried to improve the position of downtrodden or untouchables. He suggested the downtrodden to acquire new skills and start new professions to get equal status in society. He formed political organizations to establish democracy and attacked on caste system and discrimination. Among all his works, it is impossible to find which one is not indicating equality (‘just society’). Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the champion of human rights and emancipation of the untouchables. In this paper my attempt is to discuss his ideas on equality in a broader framework.
Presented in the National Seminar on “Ambedkarite Quest on Egalitarian Revolution in India” (26th & 27th November, 2013) Organized by: Centre for Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Studies, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana-136119 (INDIA)

Report on World Philosophy Day Celeberation-2013
The Departments of Philosophy and French, P.G.Govt. College for Girls, Sector-11, Chandigarh in association with Centre for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS) Pehowa (Kurukshetra) celeberated World Philosophy Day on 21st November, 2013. Dr. Anita Khosla (Head, Department of Hindi) and Dr. Madhu Gosain (Associate Professor, Department of Hindi) were quest in this function. Ms. Sukhdeep introduced about the World Philosophy Day and alongwith Ms.Ishwita conducted the stage. In this function there were two students’ competitions viz. essay-cum-presentation and poster-making. The fourth issue of Sophia: Student Magazine released in this function. Dr. Anita Khousla encouraged students and made positive comments to the participants. Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal (Head, Department of Philosophy) elaborated the themes to the participants. The following students got prizes in this function:
Essay-cum-presentation Competition:
First Prize: Ms. Bhawna Singh (B.A.Final Year)
Second Prize: Ms. Krishma (B.A.First Year), Ms. Rajni Bala (B.A.Final Year)
Consolation Prize: Ms. Ishwita Kaur (B.A. First Year)
Poster-making Competition:
First Prize: Ms. Shivani Sharma (B.A. Second Year)
Second Prize: Ms. Sandeep Kaur (B.A.First Year)
Consolation Prize: Ms. Arnika Yumnam (B.A. First Year)
Total 20 students participated in these competitions on the themes on Indian Society and Ideological Crisis, Domestic Violence, Communal Violence and Westernisation. All the teachers were honoured by the Centre for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS) Pehowa (Kurukshetra). The President and Vice-President, The Positive Philosophy Society of PGGCG-11, Chandigarh honoured Dr. Nidhi Sharma by presenting her a book. Dr. Nidhi Sharma (Head, Department of French) delivered her thanks note to the guests.
Download the issue from here:

Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal

Books on Indian Philosophy

Posted: नवम्बर 22, 2010 in Indian Philosophy

Bibliography: Introductory Readings


  1. A source book in Indian philosophy. Edited by Radhakrishnan Sarvepalli and Moore Charles A. Princeton: Princeton University Press 1957.
  2. Encyclopedia of Indian philosophies. Vol. 1. Bibliography. Edited by Potter Karl H. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1970.
    Second revised edition 1983; Third revised edition 1995.
  3. Encyclopedia of Indian philosophies. Vol. 2. Indian Metaphysics and Epistemology. The Tradition of Nyaya-Vaisesika up to Gangesa. Edited by Potter Karl H. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1977.
    Second edition 1995.
  4. Encyclopedia of Indian philosophies. Vol. 3. Advaita Vedanta up to Samkara and his pupils. Edited by Potter Karl H. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1981.
  5. Encyclopedia of Indian philosophies. Vol. 4. Samkhya: a dualist tradition in Indian philosophy. Edited by Larson Gerald James and Bhattacharya Ram Shankar. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1987.
  6. Encyclopedia of Indian philosophies. Vol. 5. The philosophy of the grammarians. Edited by Coward Harold G. and Kunjunni Raja K. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1990.
  7. Encyclopedia of Indian philosophies. Vol. 6. Indian philosophical analysis. Nyaya-Vaisesika from Gangesa to Raghunatha Siromani. Edited by Potter Karl H. and Bhattacharyya Sibajiban. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1993.
  8. Encyclopedia of Indian philosophies. Vol. 7. Abhidharma Buddhism to 150 A.D. Edited by Potter Karl H. et al. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1996.
  9. Encyclopedia of Indian philosophies. Vol. 8. Buddhist Philosophy from 100 to 350 A.D. Edited by Potter Karl H. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1999.
  10. Encyclopedia of Indian philosophies. Vol. 9. Buddhist Philosophy from 350 to 600 A.D. Edited by Potter Karl H. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 2003.
  11. Indian philosophy. A collection of readings. Vol. I. Epistemology. Edited by Perett Roy W. New York: Garland 2001.
    Vol. 1: Epistemology; Vol.2: Logic and philosophy of language; Vol. 3: Metaphysics; Vol. 4: Philosophy of religion; 5. Theory of value.

    “Volume 1: Epistemology is concerned with the nature and scope of Indian pramâna theory, i.e. that part of Indian philosophy concerned with the nature and sources of knowledge. Indian philosophers developed a causal theory of knowledge and acknowledged the existence of a number of valid ways of knowing, including perception, inference and testimony. The Indian Pramâna theorists thus discussed many issues that have also occupied Western epistemologists, often offering importantly different perspectives on these matters. They also sometimes addressed various interesting questions about knowledge that are unfamiliar to Western epistemologists.
    The selections in this volume discuss Indian treatments of epistemological topics like the means of knowledge, realism and anti-realism, truth, knowledge of knowledge, illusion and perceptual error, knowability, testimony, scepticism and doubt.”

  12. Indian philosophy. A collection of readings. Vol. II. Philosophy of language. Edited by Perett Roy W. New York: Garland 2001.
    “Volume 2: Logic and Philosophy of Language is concerned with those parts of Indian pramana theory that Western philosophers would count as logic and philosophy of language. Indian philosophers and linguists were much concerned with philosophical issues to do with language, especially with theories of meaning, while the Indian logicians developed both a formalised canonical inference schema and a theory of fallacies. The logic of the standard Indian inferential model is deductive, but the premises are arrived at inductively. The later Navya-Nyaya logicians went on to develop too a powerful technical language, an intentional logic of cognitions, which became the language of all serious discourse in India.
    Reference:: Sikh Philosophy Network
    The selections in this volume discuss Indian treatments of topics in logic and the philosophy of language like the nature of inference, negation, necessity, counterfactual reasoning, many-valued logics, theory of meaning, reference and existence, compositionality and contextualism, the sense-reference distinction, and the nature of the signification relation.”
  13. Indian philosophy. A collection of readings. Vol. III. Metaphysics. Edited by Perett Roy W. New York: Garland 2001.
    “Volume 3: Metaphysics is concerned with the complement to pramana theory, i.e. prameya theory. Whereas the pramanas are the means of knowledge, the prameyas are the knowables, cognisable entities that constitute the world. With respect to the number and kinds of such entities, there was a very wide variety of opinion among classical Indian philosophers – including variants of monism, dualism and pluralism about both entities and kinds. Many metaphysical topics were debated, but two of the most important were causation and the nature of the self. The competing theories offered about these two issues also raised other questions about the metaphysics of wholes and parts, substances and properties, and universals and particulars.
    The selections in this volume discuss Indian treatments of topics in metaphysics like ontology, constructionalism, universals, negative facts, mereology, causation, relations, freedom and determinism, and theories of the self.”
  14. The philosophy of language in classical Indian tradition. Edited by Prasad K.S. New Delhi: Decent Books 2002.
  15. Barlingay Surendra Sheodas. A modern introduction to Indian logic. Delhi: National Publishing House 1965.
  16. Barua Beninadhab. A history of pre-Buddhistic Indian philosophy. Calcutta: University of Calcutta 1921.
    Reprinted: Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 1970.
  17. Bharadwaja Vijay K. Form and validity in Indian logic. Shimla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study 1990.
  18. Chatterjee Satischandra and Datta Dhirendramohan. An introduction to Indian philosophy. Calcutta : University of Calcutta 1939.
    Seventh edition 1968
  19. Chatterjee Satischandra. The Nyaya theory of knowledge. A critical study of some problems of logic and metaphysics. Calcutta: University of Calcutta 1939.
    Reprinted 1950, 1965 and 1978.
  20. Dasgupta Surendranath. A history of Indian philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 1922.
    Five volumes.
    Reprinted Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 1975.
  21. Dasgupta Surendranath. Philosophical essays. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1982.
  22. Frauwallner Erich. History of Indian philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1973.
    Introduction by Leo Gabriel. Translated from the original German (1953) by V. M. Bedekar.
    Two volumes: 1. The philosophy of the Veda and of the epic. The Buddha and the Jina. The Samkhya and the classical Yoga-system.. 2. The nature-philosophical schools and the Vaisesika system. The system of the Jaina. The materialism.
  23. Frauwallner Erich, “Landmarks in the history of Indian logic,” Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde Süd- und Ostasiens und Archiv für indische Philosophie für das indologische Institut der Universität Wien 5: 125-148 (1961).
  24. Ganeri Jonardon. Indian logic. A reader. Richmond: Curzon 2001.
  25. Ganeri Jonardon. Philosophy in classical India: the proper work of reason. New York: Routledge 2001.
  26. Grimes John. A concise dictionary of Indian philosophy. Sanskrit terms defined in English. Albany: State University of New York Press 1989.
    New and revised edition 1996.
  27. Guha Dinesh Chandra. Navya Nyaya system of logic. (Some basic theories and techniques). Varanasi: Bharatiya Vidya Prakasan 1968.
    Second revised edition with the title: Navya Nyaya System of logic: theories and techniquesDelhi, Motilal Banarsidass, 1979.
  28. Halbfass Wilhelm. India and Europe: an essay in understanding. Albany: State University of New York Press 1988.
    Translation of: Indien und Europa. Perspektiven ihrer geistigen Begegnung – Stuttgart, Schwabe, 1981.
  29. Halbfass Wilhelm. On being and what there is. Classical Vaisesika and the history of Indian ontology. Albany: State University of New York Press 1992.
  30. Houben Jan E.M. Language and thought in the Sanskrit tradition. In History of the language sciences. An international handbook on the evolution of the study of language from the Beginnings to the Present. Edited by Auroux Sylvain et al. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter 2000. pp. 146-156
    Vol. 1
  31. Keith Arthur Berriedale. Indian logic and atomism: an exposition of the Nyaya and Vaicesika systems. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1921.
    Reprinted: New York, Greenwood Press, 1968 and New Delhi, Oriental Books Reprint Corp., 1977.
  32. King Richard. An introduction to Hindu and Buddhist thought. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press 1999.
  33. Kunjunni Raja K. Indian theories of meaning. Madras: Adyar Library and Research Centre 1969.
  34. Matilal Bimal Krishna. Logic, language and reality. An introduction to Indian philosophical studies. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1985.
  35. Matilal Bimal Krishna. The character of logic in India. Albany: State University of New York Press 1998.
    Edited by Jonardon Ganeri and Heeraman Tiwari
  36. Mohanty Jitendra Nath. Classical Indian philosophy. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield 2000.
    From the Preface: “This is a book that I always wanted to write, but the project had to be postponed up until this stage in my life. Having learned Indian philosophy under two great Sanskrit Pandits — the late Mm. Yogendranâth Tarkavedântatirtha and the late Pandit Ananta Kumar Tarkatirtha — I wanted to convey to Western scholars something of the education I had received. Hopefully, I have succeeded in doing so in some measure. There are gaps that I would like to fill, and there are topics on which I would like to elaborate, should there be an opportunity to do so in the future. For the present, I am glad to be able to send this manuscript to the press.”

    Contents: Preface IX; 1. Indian philosophy: a historical overview 1; Part 1: Theory of knowledge (Pramana Sastra) 2. Theory of knowledge (Pramana-Theory) 11; Part 2: Metaphysics (Prameya Sastra) 3. The Categories (Padharta-s) 41; 4. the Self (Atman) 59; 5. Central metaphysical issues 73; Part 3: Philosophy of politics, law and morals (Dharma Sastras) 6. State, society, and law 95; 7. Moral philosophy 105; Part 4: Religion and art: 8. Philosophy of religion 125; 9. Aesthetics of Rasasasta 133; Part 5: Beyond the Pramana-Prameya distinction 10. Beyond the Pramana-Prameya distinction 141; Appendix 1: A note on Navya-Nyaya analysis of cognition 147; Appendix 2: Some general features of the Indian theories of knowledge 149; Appendix 3: The classical Darsanas (Systems) 153; Appendix 4: Glossary of important Sanskrit terms 159; Bibliography 167; Index 175; About the Author 181.

  37. Mohanty Jitendra Nath. Explorations in philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press 2001.
    Two volumes: 1. Indian philosophy; 2. Western philosophy
  38. Pandey Sangam Lal. Pre-Samkara Advaita philosophy. Allahabad: Darshan Peeth 1974.
    Second edition 1983
  39. Pandeya Ram Chandra. The problem of meaning in Indian philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1963.
  40. Phillips Stephen H. Classical Indian metaphysics. Refutation of realism and the emergence of “new logic”. Chicago : Open Court 1995.
  41. Potter Karl H. Presuppositions of India’s philosophies. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall 1963.
  42. Raja Kunhan C. Some fundamental problems in Indian philosophy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass 1960.
  43. Randle Herbert Niel. Indian logic in the early schools: a study of the Nyayadarsana in its relation to the early logic of other schools. London : Oxford University Press 1930.
    Reprinted New Delhi, Oriental Books Reprint Corp., 1976.
  44. Rastogi, Maharaj Narain. The theories of implication in Indian and Western philosophy. A critical study. Delhi: Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan 1983.
    Foreword by Irving M. Copi
  45. Sastri Kuppuswami. A primer of Indian logic according to Annambhatta’s Tarkasamgraha. Mylapore: The Kuppuswami Sastri Research Institute 1932.
    Second edition 1951; Third edition 1961; Fourth edition 1998
  46. Sastri Pothukuchi Subrahmanya. Indian idealism: epistemology and ontology. Delhi: Bharatiya Vidya Prakashan 1975.
  47. Sharma Chandradhar. A critical survey of Indian philosophy. London: Rider & Company 1960.
  48. Sinha Jadunath. A history of Indian philosophy. Calcutta: Sinha Publishing House 1952.
    Reference:: Sikh Philosophy Network
    Two volumes: 1952-1956.
  49. Smart Ninian. Doctrine and argument in Indian philosophy. London: Allen and Unwin 1964.
    Reprinted: Atlantic Highland, Humanities Press, 1976; Second revised edition: Leiden, E.J. Brill, 1992.
  50. Vidyabhusana Satis Chandra. A history of Indian logic (ancient, mediæval and modern schools). Calcutta: Calcutta University 1921.
    Reprint: Dehli, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, 2002.
  51. Zilberman David B. The birth of meaning in Indian thought. Dordrecht: Reidel Publishing Company 198